Name --Joseph Ogden (Victim Oliver George Sinecal) Date: Aug 18, 1937
- Location: New York city
What the Narc's were claiming
In New York City, an addicted inmate of the Tombs confessed that he had murdered
a friend and put his body in a trunk. FORUM AND CENTURY - Jan. 1939
A New Yorker Killed a neighbor and stuffed his body in a trunk. The EAGLE
MAGAZINE - Nov 1941
In New York, Joseph Ogden murdered his best friend and stuffed his body into a
trunk. The Weed of madness 1939*
1937 New York - Male 39 While both smoking marihuana cigarettes, shot and killed
room-mate G. Senical, who wanted to borrow $20 to buy heroin. Put body in trunk,
to get rid of it. Arrested that night, had 20 marihuana cigarettes; had been
selling in Miami restaurant before crime. Previous criminal record, " I was
fearless after smoking marihuana cigarettes but would not have done this without
marihuana." U.N. Publication*
"There is one other point which I would like to mention and that is the
case of a man named Joseph Ogden who is reported among others in Mr. Merrill's
paper as having been an addict. I saw him and spent some time with him. He was a
psychopathic individual. I think he had been in the State hospital at Lexington,
and had had several other arrests. But nothing in his history indicated
Marihuana. In other words, the newspaper accounts must be discounted. The fact
of the matter was that he had not even been a drug addict, but was a
homosexualist. The offender was murdered by him and shoved into a trunk. I do
not know whether he disarticulated his arms or not, but he sent the trunk to the
express station, and they saw blood oozing out of it, and picked him up. He told
the story rather frankly. It was a horrible crime. I think Marihuana was
innocent of that. I am sure of that, because I have been able to check that very
carefully" Dec. 1938-Marihuana Conference
NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS: --- No mention of Medical Marihuana is made
[S-- 1937 -08-18 pg. 2] "Man Tells How he Killed Room-Mate" EDWARDSVILLE INTELIGENCER
[S- 1937-08-18 pg. 2] "Solve Murder in nine Hours" HAMMONDTIMES
[S-1937-08-19 ] "Trunk Murder Mystery Solved In New York" OSHKOSHNORTHWESTERN
[S- 1937-08-19 pg. 13] "Held in Trunk Slaying" ZANESVILLESIGNAL
[S-1937-08-18 pg. 1] "Number on Trunk Trumps up Killer"
LESBIAN LOVE - WOMEN STABBED TO DEATH
Name - Miss. Frances Woods / Mrs. Maureen O'Shannon (Victim) Location: Los
Angeles -- Date: April 6, 1938
What the Narc's were claiming
1938 - F 28 Prostitute stabbed Mrs. M. O'Shannon for not cooperating Lesbian
activities. U.N. Publication*
Los Angeles Times:--April 7, 1938 Pg. 2B
NURSE SEIZED IN STABBING
Waitress Near Death and Woman Held; Row Over marijuana
Near death in General Hospital from knife wounds suffered in a fight with
another woman early yesterday, Mrs. Maureen O'Shannon, 33-year-old waitress,
assuredly identified Miss Frances Woods, 25-year-old nurse, as her assailant.
She told police that the fight started during an argument over marijuana
cigarettes. Miss Woods, recently arrived in Los Angeles from Bakersfield, denied
that she had attacked Mrs. O'Shannon.
Will Talk In Court "I will do my talking in court," she told
questioning officers. According to Radio Officers Compton and Montgomery, Miss
Woods was found standing near the form of the wounded woman at 640 East
Twenty-eighth street. She assuredly admitted cutting Mrs. O'Shannon and produced
a blood-smeared pocket knife, the police said. Later she denied the asserted
confession, refused to explain the knife, the reason for her being at the scene
or any details concerning the fracas.
Car Parked Near by Miss Wood's expensive car was parked near the scene of the
stabbing. She had $180 in her purse. Three knives were in her possession. Miss.
O'Shannon, who lived at 2108 South Maple avenue, was given slight chance for
LOS ANGELES TIMES
[Apr 7, 1938. p. A2] Nurse Seized in Stabbing; Waitress Near Death and Woman
Held; Row Over Marijuana
[Apr 16, 1938 p.6] Woman Dies Of Stabbing In Quarrel Over Marihuana Gore File
[Apr 19, 1938. p. A8] Nurse to Face Murder Charge; Woman Remanded to Jail
Following Stabbing Inquest
[Apr 24, 1938. p. A2] "Slaying Charged"
[Apr 25, 1938. p. A10] "Nurse to Face Slaying charge"
[Jul 13, 1938. p. A2] "Nurse to Plead Self Defense"
[Jul 15, 1938. p. A1] (2 pgs)."Jury Discharged in Girl-Slaying Case"
[Jul 19, 1938. p. A1] Nurse Gets New Trial in Marihuana Slaying
[Aug 31, 1938. p. A8] Nurse to Face New Trial Today; Marihuana Slaying Case
Slated for Second Hearing
[Sep 14, 1938 p.11] "Nurse Again Goes on Trial in Fatal Stabbing Case"
[Sep 15, 1938. p. A3] Dying Threat Told at Trial; Stabbing Victim's Wish to 'Get
Even' With Nurse Recounted
[See Reefer Madness Newspaper Index pamphlet for more references]
POLICE OFFICE WAS KILLED BY MARIHUANA ADDICT
Name (Victim) Frank Sjolander -- Date: Dec 1, 1954 - Location: Albuquerque, New
What the Narc's were claiming
1955 Albuquerque, New Mexico - Male With companion J. I. created disturbance in
rooming house; they shot and killed policeman F. Sjolander who killed him at
same time. I. escaped but caught; tried, guilty.
1955 - Albuquerque, New Mexico - killed him at same time. I. escaped but caught;
tried, guilty. Life imprisonment U.N. Publication*
RENO EVENING GAZETTE - Reno, Nevada
[S-Dec 1, 1954 pg. 1] "Two Are Killed In Gun Battle" INDIANA EVENING GAZETTE - Indiana, Pennsylvania
[S-Dec 1, 1954 pg. 16] "Albuquerque Cop slain, 2nd Serious"
[See Reefer Madness Newspaper Index pamphlet for more references]
WOMEN MURDERED - STABBED 35 TIMES
Name - Donald S. Crosby, (age 16) / Mrs. Ida C. Mackeown (Victim)
Date: Dec 16, 1952 -- Location: La Jolla Ca.
What the Narc's were claiming
La Jolla, California - Male 16 Paroled juvenile delinquent, under influence
smoking marihuana, murdered Mrs. I. KacKeown, 67, grandmother, inflicting 35
knife wounds. She called him marihuana user and threatened to call police. U.N.
LOS ANGLES TIMES
[**]- Dec. 16, 1952 pp 2 "Woman Artist Found Knifed to Death in La Jolla
[**]- Dec 17, 1952 pp 2 "Blames Marijuana - Youth Tells How He Killed
[**]- Dec. 19, 1952 pp 26 "Murder Hearing Set in La Jolla Slaying" REDLANDS DAILY FACTS - Redlands, California
[S-Dec 1, 1952 ] "16-Year-Old Youth Admits Killing San Diego Artist"
[S-Dec 17, 1952 ] "Youth Says He Was Doped When He Killed Artist"
[S-Mar 27, 1953 pg. 1] "Boy, 16, May Get Life For Stabbing"
What the Narcs were claiming
Newspaper headlines tell the story every day. The recent hitch-hike
robbery and murder of an innocent citizen involving a young 18-year-old
girl and her 15-year-old companion, who admitted she was under the
influence of marihuana, is but one grim example of the current tendency
toward drug addiction by young people. -- Congressional Record 1950
WAUKESHA DAILY FREEMAN
[ Aug. 26, 1949 pp2 ] Tough, Pretty Divorcee Held for $50 Murder
[Jan 18, 1950 pp8 ] Girl, Witness in Texas Murder Trial, Says She Killed
Real Estate Man
[Aug. 28, 1949 pp.1] Faces in the News
VALLEY MORNING STATE (Harlingen Texas)
[Aug. 31, 1949 pp7] Disowning by Parents No Surprise to Accused Girl
[Jan 4, 1950 pp 1] Girl Indicted For Murder
[Jan 17, 1950 pp.10] Sandra Peterson Grows Up; Trial for Murder Underway
[Jan 18, 1950 ] Death to be Asked For Sandra Peterson
[Jan 19, 1950 pp1] State Witness Changes Story, Says She Held Murder Gun
[Jan 21, 1950 pp1] Peterson Girl Found Guilty
[Jan 19, 1950 pp15] States Witness Insists She Killed Texas Motorist
[Aug. 29, 1949 ] picture story
[Jan 20, 1950 ] Doesnt Know Whether She Was Killer
RENO EVENING GAZETTE
[Aug 31, 1949] Murder Suspect Is Young Runaway
[Aug 26, 1949 pp3] Woman Murder Suspect Once Lived in Reno
THE NEWS (Frederick Md)
[Aug 31, 1949 pp 6] picture Held for Murder
INDEPENDENT RECORD (Helena Montana)
[Jan. 22, 1950 pp2] Girl Is Sentenced to Life for Death of Texan
[Jan 18, 1950 pp1] 15-Year Old Girl Declares She Shot Texas man
COSHOCTON TRIBUNE (Ohio)
[Jan 21, 1950 pp 3] Picture Admits Slaying
[Jan 21, 1950 pp 1] Girl Convicted of Murder Despite Her Companions Claim
[Jan 28, 1950 pp5 ] Girl Given Life in Texas Slaying
Name: Marvin Pratt-- Date: June 20, 1952 - Location: Tustin
California Death Records - http://vitals.rootsweb.com/ca/death/search.cgi
Last Name PRATT
First Name MARVIN Middle ROY
Birth Date 05/30/1921
Mother Maiden LOPEZ
Father Last PRATT
Birth Place NEW MEXICO
Death Place ORANGE Residence
Death Date 06/20/1952 SSN
? Age 31 yrs
What the Narcs were claiming
On Feb. 14, 1952, Marvin Roy Pratt was arrested by Denver police after
having committed an armed robbery. Pratt had been under investigation by
narcotic agents for dealing in and smoking marihuana. Quantities of
marihuana were found by narcotic agents police in Pratt's automobile and
his clothing. His automobile confiscated. Pratt was committed to the
Denver County Jail and while being held there, he escaped. On or about
December 15, 1952, Pratt robbed a bank in Tustin, Calif., and while
running from the bank with his loot, he was shot and killed by the bank
teller, the teller using a high-powered game rifle. After first being
arrested in Denver Pratt had admitted to narcotic officers to being a
longtime marihuana smoker and having committed crimes while under the
influence of marihuana.--Traffic 1952*
[Feb 17, 1952 pp28] Denver Suspect Tells of Robbery in Beverly Hills
[June 22, 1952 pp2] Bandit Slaying Cleans Robbery
[July 27, 1952 pp ] Man and Wife Arrested in bank robbery Case
Name: Oscar Ralph Ashworth-- Date: Sept. 1938- Location:
What the Narcs were claiming
1938 St. Joseph, Missouri - M 37 Smoked 2
marihuana cigarettes, then
raped his 7-year old daughter. Death in Gas-- U.N. Publication
In a case at St. Joseph, Missouri, where a man was convicted of a
murderous rape attack upon a young girl, a newspaper made the statement
that he was a marihuana fiend and that he had committed his crime while
under the influence of the drug. Federal sources reported that as far as
could be learned, the whole story originated in the mind of a cub reporter
who asked the sex-murderer after he had been sentenced:
"Why didn't you tell the court that you smoked marihuana cigarettes?"
THE MARYVILLE DAILY FORUM
[Nov. 20, 1940 pp1] Stark commutes Ashworths Death Sentence to Life
The Oshkosh Northwestern
[Sept. 2, 1938 pp7] Ashworth is Sentenced to Die in Gas Chamber
[Nov. 4, 1938 pp5] Life of Ashworth Prolonged for at Least Ten Months
LINCOLN STATE JOURNAL
[Nov. 6m 1938 pp12] Longer life for Ashworth
[Oct. 25, 1940 pp 3] Ashworth Granted Stay of Execution:
Stevens Point Daily Journal
[Aug. 30, 1938 pp1] Man Held at Bay Wanted for Assault
[Nov. 5, 1938 pp 10] Declare Condemned Convict Charged With Wrong Crime
Name: Frank Schoengarth -- Date: Feb. 1953- Location: Los
What the Narcs were claiming
1953 Los Angeles, California - Male 18
Armed robbery M. Friedman, gun
not loaded as afraid might hurt somebody; previous record stole money to
buy heroin; had started smoking marihuana in Hollywood high school; 3
years reformatory; got worse. . U.N. Publication*
Los Angeles Times
[Feb 27, 1953 pp 17] Father Asks Roll to Help Youth in dopes toils
[Jan 16, 1953 pp1] Father Turns in son, 18, as Bandit
[Jan 17, 1953 pp A6] Hearing Set for boy Turned Over to Police
AUGUST 4, 1940
, a hotel room in
was turned into a shambles by a ruthless slayer.An old harmless man was battered to death ----so battered that his body
was almost unidentifiable.The
murderer, 26-year old Joseph Mines, after committing the crime, leaped to an
alley about 30 feet below without injury.
was revealed that a short time prior to the crime Mines had smoked two marijuana
claimed at his trial that they had crazed him and that he had no memory
of the deed.
1939Modesta, California - Assaulted
a housewife.Sentenced, 50 years
[incident]-?La Jolla, California-M16Paroled juvenile
delinquent, under influence smoking marihuana, murdered Mrs. I. KacKeown, 67,
grandmother, inflicting 35 knife wounds. She called him marihuana user and
threatened to call police.
================Gore Case, talked about numerous times ===========
[incident]- 1950Fresno, California-M26Took 17-mo. old J. Yanez from
auto, spanked her for crying, shoved her face into mud 200 feet from car,
suffocated. Didn't know what happened until blood spots found on shoes and
clothes next morning. Blamed marihuana and whisky. His counsel stated: "
The real criminal in this case is marihuana "-- Fresno Bee has
1953Los Angeles, California-M18Armed robbery M. Friedman, gun not loaded as afraid might hurt somebody;
previous record stole money to buy heroin; had started smoking marihuana in
Hollywood high school; 3 years reformatory; got worse.
Leandro, California--M20Arrested after raping 5
women while under influence.
1939California-M20Raped 7-year old girl
Life, San Quentin, no parole.
1935, State narcotic officers discovered one-half
acre of cannabis (growing in a field near Azusa, Calif.A
number of the plants had already been harvested.These weighed approximately 300 pounds.There were still about 309 flowering cannabis plants under cultivation.These, when uprooted, weighed approximately 150 pounds.The owners of the field, Pedro Lugo, Jesus Roigos, Antonio Figuerga,
Frank Vasquez, Roque Vasquez, and Mrs. Polita Vasquez, were arrested. together
with Donald W. Ramsey, Edward Dobrilien, and Toby Whidden,
police in Sacramento, Calif., arrested Tony Alvarez and confiscated 175
cannabis cigarettes and a supply of the plant in bulk form sufficient to produce
5,000 additional cigarettes.
[incident]- In Eureka,
, a man under the influence of marijuana actually decapitated his best friend;
and then, coming out of the effects of the drug, was as horriefied as anyone
else over what he had done.- pre
== COLORADO ==
DENVER NEWS: - Colorado
[incident ]- had
been reporting marihuana horror stories since the late twenties.
DAILY COURIER: - Colorado
[incident ]- (exact city region unknown, could be outside Colorado):(before Sep. 4, 1936) describing an attack by a Mexican
American allegedly under the influence of marihuana on a girl of his region.-- Two weeks ago a sex-mad degenerate, named Lee Fernandez, brutally
attacked a young Alamosa girl.He
was convicted of assault with intent to rape and sentenced to ten to fourteen in
the state penitentiary.Police
officers here know definitely that Fernandez was under the influence of
On Feb. 14,
1952, Marvin Roy Pratt was arrested by Denver police after having committed an armed robbery.Pratt had been under investigation by narcotic agents for dealing in and
smoking marihuana.Quantities of
marihuana were found by narcotic agents police in Pratt's automobile and his
confiscated.Pratt was committed to
the Denver County Jail and while being held there, he escaped.On or about December 15, 1952, Pratt robbed a bank in Tustin, Calif., and while running from the bank with his loot,
he was shot and killed by the bank teller, the teller using a high-powered game
rifle.After first being arrested in
Denver Pratt had admitted to narcotic officers to being a longtime marihuana
smoker and having committed crimes while under the influence of marihuana.
a series of crimes in Huerfano
County, Colo., attributed to marihuana cigarette smokers,
chief of which was an attack on the sheriff by a marihuana user which nearly
resulted in the officer's death, local officers uprooted 75 pounds of marihuana
from one plot.
the first cases tried under the Marihuana Tax Act
of 1937 were those against Samuel Richard Caldwell and Moses Baca, both of Denver, Colo.Caldwell,
an ex-convict, was arrested for selling and smoking marihuana.He admitted possession and sale of the drug and stated that he had
personally brought it from the State of Kansas, claiming to have harvested it from a patch
growing wild outside of Kansas City.Caldwell had a criminal record showing 11 previous
arrests on various charges dating from 1921.He was sentenced to serve 4 years in a Federal prison.-Moses Baca was
arrested on a charge of assaulting his wife.Although only 23 years old, he had a long criminal record involving 12
previous arrests dating from 1931.He
admitted being under the influence of marihuana at the time of the assault, and
upon search of his residence one-fourth ounce of marihuana was found in a bureau
drawer.He was then charged with a
violation of the Marihuana Tax Act and was sentenced to serve 18 months in a
In Denver, Colo., Juan Moya, alias JuanValley, was arrested while under the influence of
marihuana and fought the officers so savagely that it took four 200-pound men
almost 10 minutes to subdue him.At
the time of arrest, the defendant attempted to eat the contents of a can of
marihuana he was trying to dispose of.He
succeeded in eating about one-half of the can before the officers could take the
balance away from him.-Moya was convicted and sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment and fined $500.-He has had
numerous convictions for the use and sale of drugs, and is alleged to be a
habitual user of marihuana.He
usually resists violently when arrested, and on one occasion escaped from
arresting Federal officers under gunfire, after making three sales of drugs.Moya has also been arrested several times for forgery.
Judge J. Foster Symes, DenverColo., sentenced Sam Caldwell four years in the
penitentiary on Oct. 8, 1937, for violation of the marihuana act.This was the first conviction in the United States under the new federal marihuana legislation.In sentencing Caldwell the judge said: “I consider marihuana the
worst of all narcotics--far worse than the use of morphine or cocaine.Under its influence men become beasts…Marihuana destroys life itself.I have no sympathy with those who sell this weed.”
A man was killed in Wilmington, Del.,
by one Pettyjohn.When the police
attempted to arrest Pettyjolin for the crime lie attacked the police with a long
knife.To protect their lives, the
police officers shot and killed Pettyjohn.On
the same date one Cleveland Hodge was arrested in Wilmington for possession of about 3 pounds of marihuana.Hodge said he had gathered the plant from a plot of ground used by
Rhodes, the man who was murdered as above described, and further stated that
Rhodes had told him about the weed, which he called "weaver weed";
that if a tea was made from it, it would cure rheumatism.Hodge said he used a cup of this tea three times a day and had done so
for a long time; and both Rhodes and Pettyjohn were apparently under the
influence of marihuana.This case
was prosecuted in Delawareunder
the Uniform State Narcotic Act.
1936Wilmington, Delaware-MKilled J. Rhodes while under influence marihuana.
Gordon, Georgia-M23Indecent exposure 6
occasions to girls 10 to 12 years old; each time under influence marihuana; trum-pet,
musician; smoking marihuana over year.
== Florida ==
seizure of marihuana of international significance was effected near Miami, Fla., on October 9,
old oil drum containing 53 1/2 pounds of the drug was found on the beach where
it bad been landed and buried in September by Capt. William Hood, British
subject, resident of British Honduras, master of the Honduran schooner Alert,
and Octavio Carrillo, a Mexican, both of whom were arrested.The marihuana is alleged by the defendant to have come aboard the vessel
at Baca La Chica, British Honduras, in two sacks which came from Xcalat, Mexico, and was removed from the vessel before it came
through quarantine at Miami.
1938Chicago-MBroke nose J. N. by striking with gallon clay jug and pulled knife.Police officer then destroyed growing crop nearby.Was Arrested.
24Attacked woman.Was Arrested.
1954Chicago--M27Shot and killed G. Booris,
69, in lunchroom in Camden, N. J., during holdup for $21; then with R. Joaquin, also under influence, F. Crus threatened to shoot him.
William Barnett of Chicago, ILL., was arrested for the possession of marihuana.At the time of Barnett's arrest he was in possession of a letter from
Pete Gurralo, alias Joseph Fierro, of Mankato, Minn., offering to furnish marihuana in any quantity
from 1 pound up.On September 22, 1936, Balli, alias Tom Gurrola, killed a man at Albert Lea, Minn.Following
the murder he escaped from prison and fled to the farm of his father.He was identical with the man who offered to supply marihuana to Barnett.When the officer went to the farm to apprehend him, he found 6 or 7
bushels of marihuana contained in a sack and two cardboard boxes, and concealed
under a haystack.
== KANSAS ==
[ ]- (dispatch concerning the discovery by Wichita
Police of the prevalence of Marihuana parties held by young boys and girls at
roadhouses near this city) -
August 24, 1929
1933Wichita, Kansas-MKilled in fight over marihuana.
1940Boston-MAssaulted woman; held up auto co.; beat woman stole $3 and jewelry; beat
Miss C. stole $75; negro shot Sgt. Cullinen, fled thru back alley; trapped by
Sgt. Cannon, so shot self in head, blinded.This started concerted drive Boston vs. marihuana; several major violators arrested.
1949.After staging a series of
beatings, robberies and shootings, Robert
H. Faulk, Jr., shot and seriously injured a police officer who was trying to
arrest him, and then shot himself through the head, causing total blindness.Wide publicity given to this case attributed the crimes to marihuana, and
the judge commented about the influence of marihuana on Faulk.
== MARYLAND ==
M30Assaulted 10-year old girl; admitted being under influence marihuana, so
" crazy "; convicted in court trial.- A young man in Baltimore, Md., was sentenced to be hanged for
criminal assault on a 10-year-old girl.In
his plea of not guilty he testified that he was temporarily insane from smoking
marihuana cigarettes.Augusto Perez, age 22--[incident] A young man in Baltimore, Md., was sentenced to be hanged for criminal assault
of a 10 year old girl.around sent
to Maryland Penitentiary Nov. 22,
1935.Hanged June 12,
[incident]-October 1936, the chief
engineer of a vessel arriving atBaltimorecomplained
to the Federal narcotic office that the crew of hisvessel were using some unknown narcotic that was so virulent in its
effects on the men that the officers were obliged to protect themselves by
carrying blackjacks to ward off attacks.The
narcotic agent made an extensive investigation and ascertained that a fireman,
aged 22, was a marihuana user, and that two of the seamen on the ship had
purchased a bag of dried marihuana while ashore in the Canal Zone and smuggled
it aboard the ship where it was consumed by members of the crew.Officers of the steamer said these men were “under the influence of
this narcotic throughout the trip to Baltimore and that their conduct bordered on the
October 2, 1936, Baltimore City police raided two locations at which several
hundred pounds of green and dried marihuana were stored and arrested Joseph
Martinez and Ruben Sanchez.Further
investigation by local and Federal officers led to discovery of a farm located
near the city where large quantities ,of growing plants were found to have been
cultivated between rows ,of corn, under circumstances leading to a belief that a
carefully planned cultivation of the weed had been carried on for 2 or 3 years
previous.The harvesting of the crop
had been proceeding for several days prior to discovery, trucks carting the
leaves -and tops into Baltimore, where the drying, grinding, and packaging
processes were carried out.The
defendants were convicted and sentenced to jail terms and large quantities of
the growing plants and dried bulk marihuana were confiscated and destroyed.
of a vessel arriving at Baltimore complained to the Federal narcotic office that
the crew of hisvessel were using
some unknown narcotic that was so virulent in its effects on the men that the
officers were obliged to protect themselves by carrying blackjacks to ward off
attacks.The narcotic agent made an
extensive investigation and ascertained that a fireman, aged 22, was a marihuana
user, and that two of the seamen on the ship had purchased a bag of dried
marihuana while ashore in the Canal Zone and smuggled it aboard the ship where
it was consumed by members of the crew.Officers
of the steamer said these men were “under the influence of this narcotic
throughout the trip to Baltimore and that their conduct bordered on the
1936 chief engineer of a vessel arriving at Baltimore complained to the Federal narcotic officer that
the crew of his vessel were using some unknown narcotic.Officers were obliged to protect themselves by carrying black jacks.
BALTIMORE, MD.On October
31, 1938, customs officers at Baltimore, Md., seized 1 kg. 899 gm., net, of marihuana from
Augustine Rios and Joe Rodrigues, seamen on the Brazilian steamship Parnahyba
coming from Santos.Subsequently,
sentences of 2 years were imposed on each of the defendants.
Customs officers at Baltimore, Md., on August 20,
1939, purchase through a Puerto Rican I kg. 899 gm.Of marihuana which they obtained on the Brazilian steamship Ayuruoca.On November 20, 1939 Concalo R. Nascimento, the man who delivered the
marihuana, was sentenced to serve 1 year and I day in a Federal penitentiary.
Customs officers at Baltimore, Md., on July 15,
1939, seized kg. 41 gm., net, of marihuana which they
found concealed on the steamship Pocone, coming from Santos, Brazil.Ownership of the marihuana
was not ascertained.
== MISSISSIPPI ==
[incident]-Blue Mountain.--During April 1936, on a farm 3 miles east of Blue Mountain, Miss., evidently used as a supply base for the
marihuana traffic in a number of neighboring States in addition to Mississippi, Federal narcotic agents and State officers
destroyed one of the biggest sources of supply in the South.Herman S. Jernigan, owner of the farm, was raising marihuana on a large
scale and giving it the same careful attention that a wholesale farmer would
give to the raising of cotton for market delivery.The raiding party confiscated 3,000 pounds of the -rowing marihuana, 300
pounds of seed, and I,000 pounds of dried marihuana, the latter being contained
in 10 large corrugated boxes which were concealed under hay in a barn.The area under cultivation was about 5 acres.New Orleans appeared to be the chief and most profitable
market.Eleven persons arrested
there for unlawful marihuana purchases acknowledged that their supplies had
originated at- this farm.It was
reported that school children were sold marihuana
cigarettes from the same source.This
was the first large seizure after enactment of the Mississippi uniform narcotic drug law on March 16, 1936.Jernigan
was arrested and charged under this law and later released under a $1,500 bond.His queer actions were partly responsible for the raid on his farm.He said lie had become addicted to marihuana 8 years ago.A brother about 14 years of age is also an addict
== MONTANA ==MONTANA STANDARD:
Jan. 27, 1929
pg. 3 col.2. - Article about - “There was fun in the House Health Committee
during the week when the Marihuana bill …. Marihuana is Mexican opium, a plant
used by Mexicans and cultivated for sale by Indians.Note date maybe wrong. - reefer madness the book
New Jersey- pre Jan 1937-In New Jersey a particularly brutal murder occurred, in which
case one young man killed another, literally smashing his face and head to a
pulp.One of the defenses was that
the defendant's intellect was so prostrated from his smoking marihuana
cigarettes that he did not know what he was doing.The defendant was found guilty and sentenced to a long term of years.The, prosecutor was convinced that marihuana had been indulged in; that
the smoking had occurred; and that the brutality of the murder was accounted for
by the narcotic, though the defendant's intellect had not been totally
prostrate.--Murder victim = Tomas Crook.see
State, and city detectives had received reports that marihuana cigarettes in
varying quantities were being peddled in this vicinity.On Sep. 5, 1936,
they watched an informer make contact with Floyd Peters, Atlantic City, and purchase two marihuana cigarettes which the
informer turned over to .them.The
officers then raided the premises and found Harry Smith, Joseph Morgano,
Elizabeth Bailey, and Clarence Henry smoking a Turkish water pipe, the bowl of
which was filled with marihuana, John Harper had two marihuana cigarettes on his
person and Floyd Peters attempted to conceal a match box containing marihuana
cigarettes.The officers continued
their search of the premises and found a trunk in which was a bag containing
bulk marihuana.There was also
discovered a glass tube containing pantopon.One of the officers reported that he had received reports of opium
smoking at this address and was pressing his search for Opium when the marihuana
and pantopon were found.The
defendants were immediately given a hearing in the State court.Elizabeth Bailey, Clarence Henry, Joseph Morgano, and Harry Smith were
held on $500 bond.Peters was held
without bond and later was sentence to State prison from to 7 years on one count.Peters stated late that he had been addicted to the use of marihuana for
more than a year and that he had purchased 2 pounds of the dried marihuana for
$35 from a resident of New York City.
14, 1936, pursuant to information received by the police department of Jersey City, N. J., narcotic agents discovered a patch of
growing marihuana in Newark extending from a few feet to a city block in
width and running a distance of about 1 mile.This patch contained about 65 tons of the marihuana plant, all of which
[incident]- Santa Fe, N. Mex., an investigator for the New MexicoState police seized 15 pounds of dried marihuana on Feb 10, 1936.addicted
1955Albuquerque, New Mexico-MWith companion J. I. created disturbance in rooming house; they shot and
killed policeman F. Sjolander who killed
him at same time. I. escaped but caught; tried, guilty.
The, district attorney of Santa Fe, N. Mex., and an investigator for the New Mexico State
police seized 1.5 pounds of dried marihuana on February 10, 1936.On February
9 a murder was committed by two men addicted to the use of marihuana.One of these assaulted the arresting officers with a gain at the time of
arrest.From this source of supply
represented by the foregoing seizure it was believed that the perpetrators of
these crimes secured the illicit marihuana.Seven arrests resulted from the murder and marihuana cases, and five
convictions were obtained, the other two being released on bail of $1,500 each.
== WISCONSIN ==
So. Milwaukee, Wisconsin-MDrank brandy and smoked 2 marihuana cigarettes; arrested for reckless
driving, speeding, injuring 4 persons before driving into a ditch. Mind blank at
time of arrest.
1938Winona, Minn.-MSmoked marihuana for years; held up 3 taxi-cabs.Sentenced, 10 years
Malvern and Howelville, Pa-On July 1 and 16, 1935, respectively, State enforcement officers
visited certain farms situated near Malvern and Howelville, Pa., and discovered
2 1/2 acres of cannabis under cultivation concealed by fields of growing corn.The fields were destroyed.Although
it was not possible to estimate correctly the amount of cannabis which might
have been harvested if the plants had been allowed to mature, the
opinion was expressed that the fields would have yielded approximately 27 pounds
of the drug.The defendants,
Luis Manon and Michael Ruiz, were held for prosecution.
[incident]-COATESVILLEI, PA. --1937Acting
on information that Joe Gracia was selling marihuana in Coatesville, Pa.,
narcotic officers assisted by local officers made purchases from him totalling
approximately 2 pounds, then arrested Gracia and seized from the basement of his
home one large trunk containing 487 ounces of marihuana and one small wooden
drum containing 328 ounces of marihuana.
1936Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-MArrested for driving auto in reckless fashion; also possession marihuana.
and possession marihuana.
Oct. 22 and 23, 1937, two plots of
marihuana were found in the heart of the city of Philadelphia.The
marihuana---about 3,000 plants on one plot and 3,500 plants on the other---was
cut and burned by Federal and State officers.
== NEW ORLEANS
A seizure of 115 marihuana cigarettes was made in New
at which time the owner, foiled by officers in an attempt to shoot himself,
grabbed a butcher knife and stabbed himself three times above the heart.He escaped, and was later found, and had in his possession an ice pick,
with which he attempted to destroy himself when placed under arrest.He made a second escape.
New Orleans.-During Feb.
1936 Federal narcotic agent and local police officers raided the premises of
Ampton Stanno an found their entrance to a rear downstairs door obstructed by
strongly reinforced door, in the center of which was a small slot through which
purchasers of marihuana cigarettes would insert the money and in turn receive
cigarettes.When the officers gained
admission through the barred door they found 400 marihuana cigarette contained
in a tin box lying on a table, and near to the cigarette box small case
containing a sum of money and marihuana ready for cigarette wrapping.Ampton Stanno and Jane Williams, who were found in this house, were
placed under arrest.Robert
Williams, alias Jimmie Smith, was sought as another member of this illicit
marihuana ring but could not be found.A
warrant was issued for his arrest.In
a house to the rear of Stanno's, the police officers found a large pasteboard
box enclosing one bundle which contained about 3 pounds of marihuana, 25 pounds
of marihuana seed and dried marihuana leaves.
Orleans, La.-MViolently attacked officers with knife and revolver while being arrested
for possession of marihuana.
Sept. 27, 1935, police at New
Orleans, La., raided a cannabis cigarette "factory" in that city
and arrested Anthony Fazzio, Alice Fazzio, and Henry Denapolis.Only a small quantity of loose cannabis was discovered, but one person,
subsequently ascertained to be one Mary Rodriguez, escaped with a package, which
one of the defendants stated contained 4,000 marihuana cigarettes. On
24, 1935, the same police raided the premises occupied by
Robert Williams and William Cayce, Jr., and seized 10 tin bread boxes containing
10,000 cannabis cigarettes.The
defendants were held for prosecution.
William L. Rousseau was arrested by local officers under the provisions of the LouisianaState narcotic act on August 22,
1936, for growing and possessing marihuana.Reports had been received that marihuana cigarettes were being sold at
Rousseau's home.While officers
waited outside in automobiles, they observed several addicts approach Rousseau's
door to purchase marihuana cigarettes.Police
found in the kitchen two 1-pound coffee cans full of marihuana cigarettes and
two packages of the narcotic in drying form.In the yard among four branching trees and growing vegetables were 100
growing marihuana plants about 12 feet tall.The police destroyed the plants.William
L. Rousseau, father of William A. Rousseau, said that the marihuana had been
planted by his son for the purpose of obtaining seed to feed a pet redbird
belonging to the younger Rousseau.
Bourg and Houma.-On April 24, 1936, 2,500 marihuana plants growing on an area of about 3
acres, 12 pounds in bulk marihuana, and 67 marihuana cigarettes were seized and
confiscated on a farm near Bourg, La.,
and five persons were arrested on charges of violation of the marihuana law.Ralph Savoise, Mrs. Ralph Savoise, Felix Blanchard, "Cookie"
Lanaud, and David North were growing and selling marihuana cigarettes to
oil-field workers and to school children.Complaints were made by parents of some of the children to Federal
narcotic and local officers.Extensive
investigations were made until all participants in this illicit traffic at Houma and Bourg were arrested.A prosecution was instituted in the parish district court.Conviction, which is expected, would carry a mandatory penalty of from 20
months to 5 years each.
LOUISIANALa Fitte.--May 23, 1936, one Machesto Pazini
was arrested for possession of a large quantity of cannabis cigarettes and for
owning 3,000 cannabis plants.Pazini
had been permitting his children to smoke these cigarettes, and their consequent
delusions of grandeur led to the discovery of the cannabis cache.
LOUISIANAEnglish Turn, Plaquemines Parish.---Officers
of the LouisianaState police seized and destroyed large quantities of
harvested and dried marihuana on two adjoining farms at English Turn,
Plaquemines Parish, on September
the first farm they raided they found about 5,000 stalks lying in a field and
stored in a barn, and also 300 pounds of dried marihuana ready for smoking.Later, while continuing their investigations of the farm, the officers
discovered 800 pounds of marihuana stalks which had been harvested from an
adjacent tract of land about 7 acres in area.Felix Caserta, about 30 years old, was the owner and occupant of the
second farm, which consisted of about 40 acres.Caserta resided on the farm with his wife and children.He admitted that he knew that the plants were marihuana and that he had
cut them down the day previous to the officers raid on his place.He was arrested on charges of violation of the State uniform narcotic
law.Later Luke Cutrera, farmer, and
Dominic Richarda, who lived on and operated adjacent farms, were arrested for
possession of illicit marihuana.Cutrera
was reported to have been hired by marihuana peddlers to drive quantities of the
narcotic into New Orleans.Stalks,
seeds, and dried marihuana were found in a truck on Cutrera's farm.Officers destroyed all of the plants in the area in which the marihuana
crop had been harvested.
NEW ORIEANS, LA.Investigations conducted in New Orleans during the months of April
to July 1938, resulted in a series of purchases of marihuana cigarettes from
13 members of the Albano gang and the securing of evidence against
another member of the gang.On August 18, 1938, the grand jury returned indictments against 14
of these individuals, 12 of whom either were convicted or pleaded guilty, and
received sentences ranging from 17 months to 3 years.Two of the defendants have not been apprehended.--After having made
purchases of marihuana cigarettes from all four members of a ring of marihuana
traffickers during the period from May 10 to July 7, 1938, narcotic officers arrested Russel Saia, Anthony Cangimilla, and Ralph
LaCoste.Saia and Canogimilla were
tried, convicted, and each sentenced to 30 months in the penitentiary.LaCoste pleaded guilty and received a sentence of 17 months.Roy Saia, the fourth member of the ring, is under indictment but has not
yet been apprehended.
NEW YORK ==
[incident ]- Arthur
Friedman, twenty-one, was one of five youths charged with the fatal shooting
of Detective Michael J. Foley in a restaurant holdup.On April 7, 1938, Much journeyed down from temple and repeated
his fantastic story, this time for the Big Apple jurors.
In another major marihuana case Henley SELLERS and Neil SCHAU were arrested in New York, N. Y.,
in July 1944 and charged with
importation and possession of 47 pounds (21 kilograms, 351 grams) of marihuana.These men, with John W. SIMMONS of Texarkana, Tex., had smuggled the marihuana into the United States from Mexico.
2, 1936, police uprooted a large number of marihuana
plants growing on a 5-acre field on which milk goats belonging to squatters in
the vicinity were grazing..The
members of the New York narcotic squad in charge of workers from the
department of health destroyed the plants which appeared to thrive on the sandy
soil.This was said to have been the
largest area, of the growing plant ever found in Brooklyn.On the same date there
were destroyed by local officers 35 pounds of the dried plant which had been
found in a vacant building in Brooklyn.
On September 20, 1939, customs
officers at New York City found
concealed on the person of Eustico Rios, Puerto Rican seaman on the steamship
Monterey, coming from Veracruz, via Havana, one cheese cloth sack holding 255.6
gm., net, of marihuana.Rios refused
to divulge the source of the marihuana.On
November 13, 1939, Rios was sentenced to serve 1 year and 1 day in
Three seizures of marihuana were made by customs officers at New York City on the steamship Mexico, coming from Veracruz, via Havana.The
first seizure, on May 9, 1939, consisted of two packages of marihuana, weighing 452 gm., net.Ownership was not established.The
second seizure, on July 11,
was one package of marihuana, weighing 4 gm., net, with ownership undetermined,
while the third seizure was two bags of marihuana, weighing 1 kg. 327 gm., net,
on August 22, 1939, with ownership not ascertained.
A seizure of 1 kg. 816 gm., net, of marihuana, was made by customs officers at New York
City on April 2,
1939, on the steamship Orizaba, coming from Progreso, Veracruz, and Havana.Ownership
of the marihuana was not determined.
On Oct. 3,
1939, customs officers at New York found one package of marihuana, weighing 2 gm.,
net, concealed under a coil of rope on the steamship Santa Paula, arrived in port from Curacao, NetherlandsWest Indies.On
October 4, they found five glazed paper packages, containing 5 gm., net, of
prepared opium, and two metal "toys," containing 8 gin., net, of
prepared opium, concealed in spice tins in the main galley of the vessel.The first cook of the ship, So You, admitted ownership of the opium;
claiming he drank a solution made from the opium; further, that he had purchased
the opium in Curacao, NetherlandsWest Indies.He
was subsequently released.Ownership
of the marihuana was not established.This
case was called to the attention of the Netherlands authorities.
Customs officers at New York City on October 11,
1939, arrested Jose Rodriguez, Puerto Rican fireman on the steamship Santa
Elena, coming from La Guayra, Puerto Cabello, Barranquilla, Cartagena, Colon,
and Curagao, when he attempted to bring ashore 7 marihuana cigarettes.A search of the vessel resulted in the seizure of 65 additional marihuana
cigarettes.Rodriguez stated he had
purchased 10 marihuana cigarettes in a saloon in Panama.
On Aug. 22 and 23, 1939, customs
officers at New York City found 291
gm., net, of marihuana concealed on the steamship Santa Paula, arrived in port
from Curacao, Netherlands West Indies.A
member of the crew of the ship, Inocencio Rodriguez, was subsequently sentenced
to imprisonment for 1 month in connection with this seizure.
On Sept. 6,
1939, Customs officers at New York
City found 1 ½ marihuana cigarettes, weighing 0.88
gm., net, in the possession of Pedro Velazquez, member of the crew of the
steamship Santa Rosa.Velazquez
stated he had purchased the cigarettes in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela.He
was not prosecuted.
On April 11,
1939, customs officers at New York
City, during a routine search of the steamship
Exiria, just arrived in port from Tunis, via Piraeus, Salonika, Istanbul, Constanta, Gibraltar and Lisbon, found concealed thereon three packages,
containing 911 gm., net, of hashish (cannabis).This hashish was in the form generally encountered in the Near East, consisting of reddish colored powder which had been steamed or
moistened in sacks and allowed to dry, forming a hard dry brick-like substance.Investigation disclosed a wiper on the ship, Nicholas Voupoukos, to be
the owner of the hashish, but this Greek seaman had signed off the ship that
morning.He was finally apprehended
in New York City on April 17, 1939.In
the meantime, an anonymous letter was received by customs officers, stating that
Nicholas Voupoukos had brought some hashish into the United States.When
Voupoukos was questioned on April 17, he admitted having purchased the hashish
at Istanbul from an unnamed Turkish citizen.When informed concerning the anonymous letter, he stated this must have
been written by Socrates Argyros, a New York resident, from whom he had previously purchased
marihuana cigarettes on several occasions.This
information was given to Now York narcotic agents, who proceeded to the premises
occupied by Argyros and arrested this person.A search of his residence disclosed the presence of 541 marihuana
cigarettes, weighing approximately 254 gm., net, and 401 gm., net, of bulk
marihuana.The marihuana in this
second seizure consisted of the dried, flowering tops and leaves of the cannabis
plant, in the form most frequently encountered in the United States.On May 17, 1939, Argyros was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment,
and ordered placed on parole for 3 years after serving this sentence.On June 20, 1939, Nicholas Voupoukos received sentence of 1 year
and 1 day.
NEW YORK, N. Y.-On
27, 1938, customs officers at New York City discovered five bags containing I kg. 765 gm.,
net, of marihuana concealed on the steamship Orizaba coming from Veracruz.Enrique
Almestica, fireman on the vessel, was arrested and was subsequently sentenced to
6 months imprisonment.
New York A second marihuana seizure,
amounting to 1 kg. 644 gm., was made on the steamship Orizaba by customs officers at New York City on October
case is still pending.
On December 28, 1938, a customs guard
at New York found in a ventilator in
the steward's washroom of the steamship Brazil, coming from Buenos Aires, via
Santos, Rio de Janeiro, and Trinidad, a package of marihuana, weighing 280 gm.,
net.Customs agents investigating
the seizure were informed by certain crew members of the vessel that the
marihuana belonged to Miguel Aponte, steward.A search of this person revealed one marihuana cigarette.Another marihuana cigarette was found in his looker.The prisoner stated that he was a marihuana smoker and that the
cigarettes were for his own use.However,
he claimed that he knew nothing about the marihuana found in the ventilator, nor
would he divulge its origin.The
defendant is being held for prosecution.
1938 NEW YORK, N. Y.Among important cases developed
during the year concerning interstate distribution was that against one Jose
Samaniego and others.The principals
were residents of New York City.They
learned that large supplies of marihuana were available in southern Minnesota and sent to that territory.Marihuana prepared for smoking was subsequently shipped from Minnesota to New York and to Chicago, ILL., where it was distributed in the illicit
traffic.Records obtained in the
investigation indicated that approximately 294 kg. 835 gm. of marihuana prepared
for smoking had been distributed in New York by this organization.As a result of the investigation, two persons were convicted in Minnesota, two in Chicago, and six were convicted at New York City.
1948New York-M36Puerto Rican choked and
stabbed Mrs. V. Lotito, while under influence marihuana. A frequent user, he was married without his knowledge while under
influence. He was violent, desperate criminal and habitual user.
1937New York-M39While both smoking
marihuana cigarettes, shot and killed room-mate G. Senical, who wanted to borrow
$20 to buy heroin. Put body in trunk, to get rid of it. Arrested that night, had
20 marihuana cigarettes; had been selling in Miami restaurant before crime.Previous criminal record, " I was fearless after smoking marihuana
cigarettes but would not have done
this without marihuana."
In October 1943 in Detroit,
Mich., Prison sentence given for claiming use of marihuana to evade military
service Gad Sam Holland was sentenced in Federal Court to 5 years' imprisonment
on a charge of attempting to evade induction into the Armed Services by smoking
marihuana cigarettes to make him physically unfit before appearing for his
examination, and by giving false statements that he was addicted to the use of
marihuana.-After Holland was rejected by his Selective Service Board
because he informed them of his use of marihuana, narcotic agents investigated
his case which resulted in the conviction.
March 1952, four youths, the youngest
sixteen, robbed and murdered a filling station attendant at Detroit, Mich.When
three of the youths were later arrested at Kirkwood, Mo., 23 marihuana cigarettes were found in their
possession.They admitted having
smoked marihuana just prior to committing this atrocious crime. During the trial
for murder in December 1952, a defense effort was made to show that they should
not be found guilty because they were so strongly under the influence of
marihuana that they didn't know what they were doing.The jury refused to accept this as a defense found them all guilty of
murder in the first degree.
MICHIGAN-Detroit.- On September 17 1936, 2,500 pounds of marihuana found growing in the
backyards of various houses were confiscated under the MichiganState narcotic law.The marihuana was burned on an order from the prosecuting attorney of FlintCounty.
July 15 and August 9, 1937, the Detroit Police Department destroyed several
tons of marihuana found growing partly wild and partly under cultivation in
various vacant lots and back yards in the city of Detroit, the amounts in the several plots ranging from
20 to 3,360 pounds.
1937, a narcotic officer and State officers destroyed
approximately 25,000 marihuana plants from 6 to 12 feet in height growing on a
farm near Chelsea.Mich.There
was no evidence that any of the tenants of the farm recognized the weed until a
guest identified it as marihuana.From
the appearance of the patches the marihuana had evidently been planted by a
23, 1937, narcotic and police officers destroyed about
2,000 marihuana plants growing, on a vacant lot.It was alleged that a person whose name was unknown was obtaining the
drug from this lot and selling cigarettes, but since the lot was being used
as a playground by children of the neighborhood it was deemed advisable
to destroy the plants immediately rather than leave them and attempt to
apprehend the person responsible for their growth.
1937-M and 6 others, M. and F., age 21-23, arrested Detroit, Michigan for rape, theft, grand larceny.
In Dallas, Tex., on Dec.15,
1940, Johnny Andrew Butler, 21, who had just completed a prison sentence for
violations of the Federal marihuana law, and Molly Suger, 38, were charged with
the slaying of Mrs. Rose Suger, her mother-in-law.Mrs. Suger was shot to death at her home in Dallas on July 2, 1945, by a person who fired a pistol bullet through a window in her home.Butler is alleged to have admitted firing the shot, and
said he was hired by Molly Suger to kill her mother-in-law for about $500.The murder case is pending.In
1941 Butler was convicted for violations of the Federal
marihuana law and sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment.He was again arrested on similar charges in 1943, and sentenced on January 26, 1944, to 6 months and placed on 3 years' probation.Probation was revoked on August 8, 1944, and unconditional sentence of 6 months imposed.
Nov. 9, 1939, customs inspectors at El
Paso, Tex., searched the person of R. A. Redmond, American, when he entered
the United States from Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, seizing several marihuana
cigarettes.Redmond recovered 1 cigarettes and swallowed them,
together with the paper covering.The
inspectors regained one cigarette, but not until they had been attacked by Redmond.Redmond stated he had been smoking marihuana for
approximately 8 months.The
circumstances illustrate the effect that the marihuana had upon him, as it is
reported that he possessed almost superhuman strength, it requiring the combined
efforts of two officers to subdue him.Redmond is being held for prosecution.Mexican authorities were informed of this seizure.
On July 13, 1941, one Apodaca,
allegedly under the influence of marihuana and while drinking at the bar of a
cafe in El Paso, Tex., suddenly went
berserk, took a knife from his pocket and started cutting the man standing next
to him.This man seized the knife
while his assailant attempted to cut two other persons.Apodaca was in possession of two marihuana cigarettes at the time he
committed these crimes.He pleaded
guilty and was sentenced on October 24, 1941, to serve 4 months in a correctional
institution, and sentence was suspended for 1 year.
following additional marihuana seizures were effected at points on or near the
April 8, 1939, Hidalgo, Tex., I kg. 332 gm., net, of marihuana,.
May 12, 1939, El Paso, Tex., 40 gm., not, of marihuana.
July 2, 1939, Mercedes, Tex., 71 gm., net, of marihuana.
August 27, 1939, Pearsall, Tex., 266 gm., net, of marihuana.
September 23, 1939, El Paso, Tex., 12 gm., net, of marihuana.
September 27, 1939, El Paso, Tex., fifty marihuana cigarettes, weighing 52 gm.,
October 12, 1939) El Paso, Tex., nine marihuana cigarettes, weighing 6 gm., net.
October 29, 1939, Browmville, Tex., nineteen rolls of marihuana, weighing 62 gm.,
October 30, 1939, El Paso, Tex., one sack of marihuana, weighing 311 gm., net.
November 1, 1939, Brownsville, Tex., ten marihuana cigarettes, weighing 4 gm., net.
November 7, 1939, Harlingen, Tex., fifteen rolls of marihuana, weighing 67 gm.,
each of the marihuana cases listed above, the defendants admitted that the
marihuana had been obtained in Mexico and smuggled into the United States.Mexican
authorities have been informed of these seizures.
On October 3,
customs patrol officers arrested Juan Guerrero and Alejos Ramirez in possession
of bulk marihuana and marihuana cigarettes, weighing 113 gm., net.They stated that they had purchased the marihuana from Jesus DeLeon of Eagle Pass, Tex., and they accompanied the officers to Eagle Pass in order to identify this person.DeLeon was then arrested and approximately 4 kg. 82 gm. of marihuana were
seized from him.He admitted that
the marihuana had been smuggled from Mexico.He
was subsequently sentenced to 13 months' imprisonment.
1943 life imprisonment was decreed for Pablo
Rodriguez of Laredo, Tex., when he was convicted of whipping to death his
10-year-old niece, Guadalupe Flores.She
and another niece had been kept in the back yard of the Rodriguez residence in a
doghouse-like shack where they were sometimes chained.When Rodriguez was arrested, marihuana cigarettes were found on his
person.It was the opinion of
officials that lie had been a marihuana smoker.
[incident]- Corpus Christi - An oil
worker, of good character smoked a cigarette, raped his six-year old daughter.When his wife returned home in the evening, she found him lying across
the bed in a stupor and the little child torn and bleeding.He couldn’t remember.Was
sentenced to death. before Jan 1937
1964Houston, Texas - M45Negro shot and killed E.
Sampson, Negro, in argument over dice game. Both were marihuana users.
1964Houston, Texas - MNegro, stabbed negro A. Grimes, 30, to death; motive unknown; marihuana
[incident]-- DEL Rio, TEXAS.September
Gonzales, allegedly while under the influence of marihuana, shot to death
two women and then committed suicide by literally slicing himself to bits about
the abdomen, around the heart and throat, in a manner which indicated that he
was bereft of all reasoning.Law
enforcement officers believed that Gonzales was under the influence of marihuana
at the time of the double murder and suicide, and that he had previously used
marihuana.It was the opinion of the
doctor who saw Gonzales just before he died that no one could so mutilate
himself unless he was unable to feel "shock" and the only thing he
knew that would produce such a condition, to such a degree, is marihuana.Gonzales had wandered around in the fields for hours after the killing
and after his self-mutilation.
- 1940Del Rio, Texas - Male30Shot and murdered his
34-year old sweetheart, A. Antonia, also M. Gomez, nurse. Then inflicted stab
wounds his throat, stomach, intestines, heart, genitalia. He had previously
committed rape on 12-year old girl, and was free on bail awaiting new trial.
[incident]-- 1944Houston, Texas -
FSlashed Miss M. Jolly, 18, in
quarrel - over sales and boys; 3 girls and 6 boys in gang smoked marihuana to
get " hopped up " before committing various crimes.
Antonio, Texas - FTwo young women arrested for possession marihuana violently attacked
Officer C. Cullen.
[incident]-- The only evidence that there might be large-scale, smuggling of
cannabis into the United States occurred in the seizure of 220 pounds of the
drug at Brownsville, Tex., on July
5, 1935.Customs officers
discovered this illicit shipment concealed in a carload of fresh pineapples
which had been shipped to Brownsville from Tampico, Mexico.
1964Houston, Texas - MStabbed and killed J. Ward, 24, in bar room fight; was marihuana user.
[incident]-HOUSTON, TEXAS.March 1937.Hitch-hiker under the influence of marihuana murdered motorist.
1938St. Joseph, Missouri-M37Smoked 2 marihuana
cigarettes, then raped his 7-year old daughter.
== WESTVA. ==
[Incident]- Negro raped a
girl eight years of age.Two Negros took a girl fourteen years old and kept her for
two days in a hut under the influence of marihuana.Upon recovery she was found to be suffering from syphilis.Before Jan 1937
Virginia-M26Negro arrested charge
raping 9-year old girl. True bill by Grand Jury.-CLARKSBURG W. VA.October
1937.Lewis Harris, 26 years of
age, at arrested for rape of 9-year-old girl while under the influence of
EVERETTVILLE, W. VA.- 1937 -Acting on information that Pete Lopez, alias Mexican Pete, was
growing and selling marihuana in Everettville, W. Va., narcotic officers
assisted by local officers made four purchases totaling 7 ounces 309 grains of
marihuana from him and from a colored woman, Lucy Vaughn, then arrested Lopez
and upon searching his house found and seized 15 pounds 8 ounces 120 grains of
marihuana.It was found that he was
growing the marihuana in a corn field near his cabin and 345 stalks, bare of
leaves and seeds, were cut and burned.-Lopez, 37 years old, claimed to have smoked marihuana since he was about
10 years old.Investigation
disclosed that he was engaged in illicit traffic in marihuana on a large scale
solely for monetary gain.He was
tried, convicted, and sentenced to 10 years in a Federal, prison.Lucy Vaughn was sentenced to 1 year in a county jail.
M40Attempted armed robbery
Mrs. H. Poole; after seeing newspaper account, vaguely remembered it.
== OREGON ==
1960Portland, Oregon -M19Raped 16-year old high
school girl; beat, broke jaw, knocked out upper teeth, in wooded area after
Chattanooga News: == TENNESSEE ==
[incident ]- (Conducted
a publicity drive against Marihuana abuse) -<'37
[incident ]- Cleveland news - Editorial (exact date unknown) 1952
1937Cleveland, Ohio-MWith R. B. robbery and assault; guilty.
gang of seven young men, all under 20 years of age, who for more
than 2 months terrorized central Ohio with a series of about 38 stick-ups, were
arrested in Columbus, Ohio, on robbery charges.They confessed that they operated while "high" on marihuana.One of the youths admitted that he had smoked "reefers" on and
off for at least 2 years, and said that when he went with the others on
stick-ups he was "ready to tear anybody apart" who opposed him.He claimed the practice of smoking marihuana first started among his
friends about 4 or 5 years previously, while most of them were still in high
school.In describing his crimes he
said: "If I had killed somebody on a job, I'd never have known it."
This was verified by the officer obtaining the confessions, who explained that
the hardest problem was to get these youths to remember who committed the
stick-ups, or when or where they, happened.When police told them how a filling-station attendant reported a robber
threatened to beat his brains out with a revolved butt, one admitted he was the
robber, but had forgotten his own words.It
was almost impossible for them to break off the habit when they could still get
"tea" so easily, they claimed."When
you try to break off you get jumpy, your hands shake, and you hear the least
little noise.A dopey feeling comes
when you're going down, and you get mopey.You
get so you smoke a 'stick' a day, and you can't stop.-[incident ]- A gang of seven young men, all under 20 years of age, who for more than
two months terrorized central Ohio with a series of about thirty-eight stick-ups,
were arrested in March 1937 in Columbus, Ohio, on robbery charges.They confessed that they operated while “high” on Marihuana.Could be 1936 -
Columbus - Ohio-Police
in Columbus, Ohio were called upon to investigate a disturbance on
a public street, where a young man, Howard
Horn, was menacing citizens with a pistol.The officer, while attempting to subdue Horn, was attacked by him and
wounded three times.He was obliged
to return the fire to save his own life 7 and Horn was killed instantly.Investigation by the vice squad showed that Horn, who was 19 years of
age, was a marihuana addict and at the time of his attack on the officer was
under the influence of this narcotic.
1957Cincinnati, Ohio-M28Negro waiter, with C. J. 30; S. R. and G. G. all smoked marihuana
cigarettes over 2 years; 5 counts armed robbery Cincinnati grocery stores.
1937Ohio--MFirst degree murder, blamed on smoking marihuana.
October 1936.A young man was sentenced to the electric chair for the robbing and
unprovoked killing of a hotel clerk.He
maintained that he was a marihuana addict and was under the influence of the
drug when he committed the crimes.The
judge of the Court in which he was tried refused to accept this plea as an
extenuating circumstance and served notice on smokers' of marihuana cigarettes
that they cannot escape punishment for crimes committed while under the
influence of this narcotic.-[incident]- 1936 - In Columbus, Ohio, a 35-year-old man was sentenced to the electric
chair for robbery and first-degree murder of a hotel clerk.His plea of not guilty was based on insanity due to smoking marihuana
cigarettes and the fact that he was under the influence of marihuana when the
crime was committed. -----------
Columbus, last October, the killer of a hotel clerk blamed his
deed on insanity resulting from the use of the weed.- March 1, 1937 - 4:2 - Cincinnati Enquirer
------------------.Last week the Ohio Supreme Court affirmed the
death sentence imposed upon a man convicted of having committed murder while
under the influence of marijuana. Oct. 18, 1937 - - Cincinnati Enquirer
1949Cleveland, Ohio-MNegro, long criminal record Kentucky, narcotics and manslaughter, murdered barracks
mate J. MacElroth at marihuana-cocaine party.
Sept.18, 1935, State enforcement
officers arrested Teofilo Chavez. Fred Chavez, Frank Chavez, Marjorie Chavez, Emmez
Guzman, and Joe Garza at a farm
near Cooney, Ohio, and approximately 3 acres of cannabis were
seized and destroyed.Eighty-five
pounds of cannabis ready for smoking, 300 pounds (gross weight) of the flowering
tops, and 75 pounds of cannabis seeds were seized.While investigating the above-mentioned case, the officers learned that
one Sylvestro Gonzales was growing and cultivating cannabis on a farm near Fremont, Ohio.There
they discovered a field of cannabis surrounded by growing corn.Part of the field had already been cut for the purpose of curing.The officers seized and destroyed 2 acres of growing plants, 3 tons of
cannabis racked for curing, and 16 bushels of flowering tops from which the
resin had not yet been extracted.
Sept. 17, 19, and 20, and October
2, 1935, State officers arrested Pedro Mandez, Pedro Nieto, Salvador
Capetilla, Harry Horlendez and Rafael Tolento at Elgin, Paulding, and Fremont, Ohio, and seized approximately 2,500 pounds of growing
cannabis and 810 pounds of cured tops.
Oct. 1 and 10, 1935,Toledo police officers searched the premises occupied
by Louis Gonzales and Antonio Navarro and found approximately 740 pounds of cannabis
concealed therein.Both persons were
arrested.On October 10, 1935, police made a further search of the premises
and discovered 200 pounds of cannabis concealed beneath the floor boards.The defendants were each sentenced to I year in prison.
police officers at Lorain, Ohio, arrested Florentino
Garciaand Jesus Fierro and
seized two truck loads of cannabis plants, stalks, and leaves, weighing
approximately 1 1/2 tons, net.The
defendants were committed to the county jail until fines.
1936 Police in Columbus, Ohio were called upon to investigate a disturbance on
a public street, where a young man, Howard Horn, was menacing citizens with a
pistol.The officer, while
attempting to subdue Horn, was attacked by him and wounded three times.He was obliged to return the fire to save his own life 7 and Horn was
killed instantly.Investigation by
the vice squad showed that Horn, who was 19 years of age, was a marihuana addict
and at the time of his attack on the officer was under the influence of this
1936 After a 15-year-old boy was
found mentally deranged from smoking marihuana cigarettes be furnished
information that led to the arrest of three men who admitted making sales of the
cigarettes.Fifteen to eighteen
pounds of marihuana were seized from their garage.At the time officers stated that there were 20 known addicts of high
school age, in the Ohio town.The men arrested allegedly told the officer that they had become alarmed
several months previous to their arrest when the youths appeared abnormal and
began annoying them for heavier supplies.The
apprehension of this gang cleared up a serious situation. ----------
one town of the state, according to the International
Narcotic Education Association, the finding of a
fifteen-year-old boy mentally deranged from smoking marijuana led to the
discovery that 20 boys and girls of high school age were addicts. - March 1, 1937 - 4:2 - Cincinnati Enquirer
-- See Aug. 20, 1936 - 28:3
- 3 Men Accused of Selling Doped Cigarets to Children -- Findlay Police Chief
Says He Has Names of 15 Boys and Girls Who Are Addicts; Trio of WPA Employes
[incident ]- Finley Ohio,
“This took place in a community playground in Finley, Ohio.The
playground supervisors were the men who were selling the stuff.It all developed from the case of this youngster who was evidently going
crazy.before Jan 14, 1937
[incident]- COLUMBUS, OHIO-On April 24, 1938, William Bronston was
observed by narcotic and police officers as he was about to make a sale of
marihuana from his automobile parked at the rear of 387 Charles Street, Columbus.Seeing
the officers he leaped from the car, ran down the alley and escaped.The marihuana concealed in his car, consisting of about 227 gm. was
seized.Officers entered the
premises and arrested Thomas Claridy who was in possession of marihuana
Bronston was subsequently arrested after a hard fight and gun battle, he
being under the influence of marihuana at the time.He was tried and convicted on June 7, 1938, and received a sentence of 5 years and $1,000
1948 at Cleveland, Ohio, James
Buchanan was arrested by police of that city for the murder of a 60-year-old
East Cleveland widow.After
questioning by Police detectives he admitted his participation in the crime and
also accused an accomplice.Buchanan
admitted having participated, during the previous 6 montlis7 in the brutal
attack of 16 women for the purpose of robbing them of their money.He stated further he wanted the money to buy wine and reefers (marihuana
cigarettes) which he would consume at the same time.Before venturing out to commit their atrocious crimes, Buchanan and his
partner would fortify themselves with wine and marihuana.Buchanan was 24 years of age at the time of his arrest, married and the
father of three children.
Barnes, on the witness stand for first degree murder, testified that before
he and a companion killed a man in a holdup, the pair had smoked three marihuana
cigarettes each, and therefore did not know what they were doing.They were both sentenced to life imprisonment.
a disturbance in a cafe in a southern Ohio city,
police officers saw Anthony E. pointing a loaded revolver at patrons.E. resisted arrest, and after a severe struggle the officers subdued him.Earlier, E., with the use of his revolver, had robbed Abe L., driver for
the W. Bakery Co., of $5.00. At the time of the arrest, the defendant was
completely under the influence of marihuana and a quantity of marihuana was
found in his possession.
IOWA ==SOUTHERLAND COURIER: (Iowa)
STATE HIGHWAYS,.Iowa-Between August 1 and August. 17, 1937, the Iowa Highway Commission
destroyed approximately 1,000 acres of marihuana growing wild along highways in
While allegedly under the influence of marihuana, 27-year-old Carl J. Murphy,
hotel bellboy, on Sept. 30,
1943, shot and killed J. Stayton Smith, guard in the FederalBuilding at Oklahoma City, Okla.He
was convicted for the crime and sentenced to serve 10 years.---Another bellboy who was arrested in the case confessed that he and
Murphy had smoked marihuana in a hotel room before the crime was committed.Murphy then left the hotel and walked to the FederalBuilding.On
the street he met three sailors, one of whom he bit on the neck.He struck a small boy whom he met on the sidewalk.Murphy then went to the FederalBuilding and took charge of an Army Recruiting Office.When Mr. Smith, the building guard, was called to remove Murphy, a fight
ensued.Murphy seized a gun from the
guard and shot and killed him instantly.Murphy
then placed the gun on a chair and walked down the hall singing.He engaged in another fight but was finally subdued and placed in the
city jail.Two days later Murphy was
still unable to think or talk coherently.He
talked about trying to get on the top of an automobile where he could reach a
telephone wire and swing himself to the top of the hotel and from there he could
get to heaven.Later, at a hearing,
Murphy stated that he had smoked marihuana several times; that he did not
remember leaving the hotel, nor the fights nor the shooting of Mr. Smith; he did
not remember his arraignment and stated the first he knew about the matter was
after he came out of the stupor when someone told him he had shot and killed a
guard at the Federal Building.-Murphy's employers stated he had always been quiet and sober, and had
never caused trouble of any kind.-The effects he experienced are characteristic, particularly with regard
to the distortion of space and lack of restraint or memory by individuals of
their own actions while under the influence of marihuana.
City, Oklahoma-MSmoked marihuana 12 years. Arrested for raping his 13-year old daughter.
Previous criminal record-assault with
knife; sale marihuana; assault with knife; vagrancy.
On March 21,
1939, customs officers at Norfolk, Va., when searching the steamship Black Condor,
arrived in port from Philadelphia Chester, Rotterdam, Antwerp, New York, and Baltimore, found tobacco tin, containing 32 gm., net, of
marihuana concealed in a rope locker.
After the steamship New Brooklyn arrived at Norfolk, Va.,
on August 14,
1939, from Freetown, West Africa, there were seized 56.8 gm. of marihuana.At Brooklyn, N. Y., customs officers had found four packages of marihuana, weighing
64 gm., net, concealed on the person of John Boe Walley, negro crew member of
the vessel.Walley stated he had
purchased the marihuana in Freetown from an unnamed woman, paying 2 pence for each
package.On Sept. 25,
1939, Walley was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment.
MEMPHIS, TENN.On Oct. 4,
1938, police officers of Memphis, Tenn., received information that Joe Lang, Orlando
Hodge, and Mary Jones were planning to rob Mary Jones' aunt and with the
proceeds therefrom to proceed to Chicago for the purpose of selling marihuana.They were arrested on the same date and 411 gm. of marihuana and 147
marihuana cigarettes were seized.They
admitted that they had procured the marihuana on a plantation in Mississippi about 50 miles from Memphis, and divided it, and they had planned after
committing the robbery to take the marihuana to Chicago and sell it.On October 14, 1938, all three pleaded guilty.Hodge and Lang each received a sentence of 3 years and $1,000 fine, both
having previous criminal records.Mary
Jones was placed on probation for 3 years.
NEWPORT, KY.On Feb. 24,
1938, police officers of Newport, Ky., arrested Ralph Bridowell for the possession of
stolen property.While searching his
premises they found a total of 8 kg. 306 gm. of marihuana, to which he
acknowledged ownership and claimed to have purchased it from a man whose name he
did not know.On February 25, 1938, his brother, Harry Bridewell, was arrested for
the sale of marihuana cigarettes.Both
pleaded guilty and each was sentenced to serve a term of 5 years in the
Penitentiary.Each had previously
served a penitentiary term for violations of the liquor laws.
Seattle.-Charles Banks was arrested on August 30,
1936, by narcotic officers and local detectives on
charges of violation of the State narcotic law after selling 6 ounces of
marihuana to an informer.This
defendant claimed that he had been buying regularly from a man whose name or
address he was unable to furnish the police.He was arraigned on September 23, 1936, pleaded guilty, and was sentenced on the same
day to 10 years in the penitentiary.
1939Seattle, Washington-M26Negro, crazed by smoking
marihuana, attacked a Greek railroad pensioner, J. Karakinikas, 74, with his
bare fists; death. Plea guilty. Smoked 2 marihuana cigarettes at time.
Mines, shortly after having smoked two marihuana cigarettes, brutally
murdered a 74-year-old retired railroad worker.According to testimony brought out at his trial for manslaughter, Mines
had never before seen his victim and could assign no reason for having murdered
him other than that following the smoking of the marihuana cigarettes he had
become obsessed with an idea that he was being pursued and upon encountering the
aged man he attacked and killed him.Mines
was sentenced in October 1940 to serve 20 years in the Washington State
Marihuana Found in Death Car-Thirty-four
grains of marihuana were found in an automobile driven by John B. Payne, 19,
when it collided with another car in northeast Washington on Sept. 23, 1945, resulting in the death of
one woman and the injury of eight other persons.Evidence was presented to the coroner's jury that Payne had been
associated with known marihuana traffickers and users.Under cross examination he admitted telling doctors at an Army induction
examination that he had used as many as three marihuana cigarettes a day.Payne and the driver of the other car were fined $250 after pleading
guilty in municipal court to charges of reckless driving.
1960Seattle, Washington-MNegro killed wife, then committed suicide. 76 more marihuana cigarettes
found in his service station.
?--MWith another Negro, M. G. arrested after committing 7 robberies under
1921--M30Beat to death with a rock
T. Bernhardt, boy, 14, while herding cattle in pasture; accused boy of polluting his water supply.Boy's
head crushed, one eye gouged out, and missing. Arrested several hours later, he
screamed and tore jail furnishings. Smoking marihuana at time; claimed insane;
found to be sane. Hanged
1936-MCharged with murder; offered defense he was under influence marihuana at
1936-MRaped 10-year old girl, previous arrest for possession marihuana.
1937--MAssaulted police officers with dangerous weapon while under influence of
1938-F28Prostitute stabbed Mrs. M.
O'Shannon for not cooperating Lesbian activities.
1938-M22After smoking 2 marihuana
cigarettes, married waitress, altho already married and with 3-year old child. Everything went blank, and he had no
1939-M40Raped G. Raloff, while
under influence marihuana and bay nun and threatened to kill her children with
1939-MTeenage, attempted rape G. Raloff under influence marihuana and bay rum.
1939-MThrew glass at bartender while smoking marihuana just bought from
39Assaulted and shot another man in
controversy while both smoking marihuana.
1940-M33Forced his landlady, Mrs.
M. delisle to smoke marihuana, and frequently raped her.
1940-M21Auto theft, after 9 thefts
with armed robbery; robbed and shot druggist.
1940-MStole gun from employer, held up, shot salesman stomach for not following
instructions; attempted rape clerk; stole $75; Police tracked him down, so he
1944-M39Murdered Ga. Castenada,
29; mutilated her hips and head with razor blades, then castrated self; had been
smoking marihuana for an hour before attack.
effort has been expended during the year on preventive educational work,
particularly regarding the abuse of marihuana.In regard to education of. this type, it is felt that if the material is
not very carefully worked out there might be grave danger of creating curiosity
among the youth which would have a tendency to be harmful rather than
beneficial; in fact, it is thought that marihuana educational talks should be
confined to adults, who in turn can properly inform their own children.
is considered wise to guard against the danger of persons not fully conversant
with the question broadcasting lectures and information on narcotic drugs.Too much stress cannot be laid on the importance of obtaining the
cooperation of persons who can speak with authority on the subject, and in such
manner that no element of curiosity or desire to experiment could possibly be
aroused in the minds of listeners as to the nonmedical use of drugs.The public response has evidenced appreciation and support of this trend,
and great assistance has been rendered by various women's organizations,
particularly by the National Woman's Christian
Temperance Union, the General Federation of Women's Clubs, and the numerous
parent-teacher organizations throughout the country in the widespread
dissemination of educational material on illicit use of narcotic drugs.
has been increased demand for speakers and for written information on the
narcotic and marihuana problems, manifesting an active desire on the part of
many worthy civic organizations and citizens to be of assistance.
150 addresses were delivered, on request, by various supervisory officials of
the Bureau to organizations throughout the country such as the various medical
associations, various police schools and State police training schools, the
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the American Legion, various churches,
hospital groups, and lodges, Kiwanis, Rotary, and other clubs, colleges of
pharmacy and science, parent-teacher associations, Associations of University
Women, Peace Officers' Training Schools, Peace Officers Associations, and other
Commissioner of Narcotics personally fulfilled a number of lecture engagements
before national groups on the narcotic problem.As of interest, there is quoted below the text of an address before the
Eighth Annual Forum on Current Problem Facing America, held under the auspices
of the New York Herald-Tribune in New York City during October
1938:--The speech by Honorable H. J. Anslinger, Federal Commissioner of
?MSmoked his first 2
marihuana cigarettes; jumped 18 feet from hotel window onto adjacent garage roof
barefooted, burst into Mr. K.'s room, said " God told me to kill this man
", and beat him to death with fists. Then screaming he was Hitler, jumped
thru window 30 feet to pavement, breaking ribs and legs. No recollection in
1948-MMurdered widow, 60 years old, with accomplice, to obtain money to buy
more marihuana for both; confessed attacking and robbing 16 other women.
Negro, smoked marihuana before going out to commit various crimes including
murder Mrs. I. Koogle. " Poor man's poison. "
1950-MRobbed A. Litz in Weinberg Bakery of $5; resisted arrest; possession
1953-MNegro, shot and killed while attempting holdup grocer in Harlem; plea guilty.
1953-MFirst violator Marihuana Tax Act for illegal possession, penitentiary W. Va. 10 years; released; felonious attack with
1953-MAttempted robbery diner; has 16 marihuana cigarettes plus one butt;
admitted being confirmed user.
mag.Dated may 1934)
Sacramento,California, comes the story of a 20-year-old-girt mother
who sobbed out to police a tragic story of how her husband, crazed with
narcotics, forced her to help him in a career of crime.The girl, a former nurse, is Mrs. Ruth Sorahan, an attractive wisp of a
blonde, who was arrested as she stepped from a train in Sacramento last month.Her husband is Philip Sorahan under arrest in San Jose for a series of burglaries which, according to
Mrs. Sorahan, encompassed the entire San FranciscoBay region.The
was a good husband until he started to use marihuana.We were happily married, and both looked forward eagerly to the birth of
our first child.-- "Then some
one got him smoking marihuana.Over
night he changed.From then on he
seemed like a stranger.He lost his
job, and when our savings ran out, he started to steal to get more money to buy
the dope."--Her story, punctuated by wracking sobs, told how Philip was alternately
hysterically gay and inhumanly cruel.She
continued:"He would beat me
until I fainted from pain.He
threatened to kill me if I didn't help him dispose of the things he stole.In fear of my life, I would take them to a pawn shop.Philip would go into insane rages when I failed to get what he thought
was a good price for the things."
- (From mag.Dated may 1934)
Philadelphia recently the papers reported the following
alleged "hop joint," fitted out with cheap bunks wherein addicts could
lie and hide their troubles behind clouds of marihuana smoke was uncovered
recently by Captain Kronbar and a squad of men when they raided a place on
juniper street, below Lombard.
$10,000 worth of marihuana was seized and two women and two men, were arrested.The seizure of the drug, which was outlawed by Pennsylvania last September, is the largest ever made here.More than one hundred pounds of marihuana, some of it rolled into
cigarettes, some packaged apparently for delivery, still more in the plain weed
state, were seized.Recently a
number of arrests were made in Pittsburgh's "Hill" district, breaking up a ring
of marihuana peddlers and addicts.Three
Mexicans and one Negro were arrested in one of the raids and a quantity of
marihuana was confiscated.
Reefer Madness book
- A German firm
even marketed cannabis cigarettes for use in combating asthma pg 22
- Fitz Hugh
- Tilden and co. 1855 -
Department of Agriculture investigation
The Afro-American -All-Negro
Weeklyaround march 14, 1931
Note, there seems to be nothing here.possible only at a military tribunal did the word marihuana come out.ag
Los Angles Times - –
Ensign Killed by Bandit Pair" - July 10, 1945 page 12 part 2.Note, a famous story, marihuana is not even mentioned.not rated.
On July 9,
1945, at Los
two Navy officers, Lt. Herman Haase and Ensign Norman Bicknese, picked up an
automobile ride with two 19-year-old boys, Leslie Howard Moore and Alvin
Goldson, the latter a soldier.After
the officers entered the automobile, Moore and Goldson attempted to hold them
up.Ensign Bicknese resisted and was
shot and killed by Goldson.A few
weeks later Goldson and Moore were apprehended by Los Angeles police officers and it was ascertained that they
were the leaders of a gang of six youths preying on servicemen.In addition to the killing of Ensign Bicknese, another member of the gang
admitted the shooting and wounding of Army Lt. Armand Beford in another
"hitchhike hold-up" on July 22, 1945.The self-confessed trigger man of the gang, Edward Priestley, Jr., aged
16, of Los Angeles, after his apprehension told the police he shot
Lieutenant Beford at the urging of Leslie Howard Moore, when the Army officer
started to run away.On Nov. 9,
1945, Leslie Howard Moore appeared before Superior
Court Judge Thomas L. Ambrose at Los Angeles, Calif., and was sentenced to life imprisonment for
murder and 12 counts of robbery.He
made the following statement in court: "If I had
never used marihuana I wouldn't be in this court today."Asked by the court what effect the, drug had on him, Moore stated it made him, fearless and bold.When Judge Ambrose questioned him as to how often he indulged in use of
the drug, Moore said, "Only when
with the group I accompanied on the robberies and the murder." The
judge replied, "Mr. Moore, I wish this little sermon on the consequences of
using marihuana could be broadcast to the youth of the Nation."Judge Ambrose also added that so many
users do not realize the danger involved.Alvin
Goldson, as a result of the murder of Ensign Bicknese, was tried by a military
court martial during August 1945 and was sentenced to life imprisonment at hard
labor.This man also claimed to be a
user of marihuana.